Question: What Are The Main Causes Of Malaria?

What is the best medicine for malaria?

When several different drugs are recommended for an area, the following table might help in the decision process.Atovaquone/Proguanil (Malarone)Chloroquine.Doxycycline.Mefloquine.Primaquine.Tafenoquine (ArakodaTM).

What are the chances of surviving malaria?

P. falciparum tends to be the species causing the most complications and has a high mortality if untreated. Cerebral malaria, a complication of P. falciparum malaria, has a 20% mortality rate even if treated.

How do you detect malaria?

Malaria parasites can be identified by examining under the microscope a drop of the patient’s blood, spread out as a “blood smear” on a microscope slide. Prior to examination, the specimen is stained (most often with the Giemsa stain) to give the parasites a distinctive appearance.

How can you prevent malaria naturally?

To avoid being bitten:Stay somewhere that has effective air conditioning and screening on doors and windows. … If you’re not sleeping in an air-conditioned room, sleep under an intact mosquito net that’s been treated with insecticide.Use insect repellent on your skin and in sleeping environments.More items…

Is malaria contagious through kissing?

Malaria is not contagious and you can’t catch it from physical contact with someone who has it. The malaria parasite is not in an infected person’s saliva and it is not passed on from one person to another. The only way you can catch malaria from a person is through blood transfusions or organ transplants.

How does malaria kill?

HOW IT KILLS. If drugs are not available or if the parasites are resistant to them, malaria infection can develop to anemia, hypoglycemia or cerebral malaria, in which capillaries carrying blood to the brain are blocked. Cerebral malaria can cause coma, life-long-learning disabilities, and death.

What causes malaria bacteria or virus?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.

What causes malaria and how can it be prevented?

Scientists around the world are working to develop a vaccine to prevent malaria. If you’re traveling to locations where malaria is common, take steps to prevent mosquito bites by wearing protective clothing, using insect repellants and sleeping under treated mosquito nets.

How often should malaria be treated?

Chloroquine (Aralen)—This is the most commonly prescribed antimalarial medication in countries where there are no drug-resistant strains of malaria. This medication is taken once a week, from one to two weeks prior to your departure until four weeks after you return.

Where is malaria most common?

Most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the WHO regions of South-East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific, and the Americas are also at risk. Some population groups are at considerably higher risk of contracting malaria, and developing severe disease, than others.

Is Mosquito the only cause of malaria?

Only certain species of mosquitoes of the Anopheles genus—and only females of those species—can transmit malaria. Malaria is caused by a one-celled parasite called a Plasmodium. Female Anopheles mosquitoes pick up the parasite from infected people when they bite to obtain blood needed to nurture their eggs.

What happens if you get malaria?

Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.

Is sore throat a sign of malaria?

Loss of appetite. Tummy upsets such as feeling or being sick, having diarrhoea or tummy pains. Sore throat. Coughing.

What are the 5 types of malaria?

Five species of Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect humans and cause illness:Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

Is malaria curable or not?

Malaria disease can be categorized as uncomplicated or severe (complicated). In general, malaria is a curable disease if diagnosed and treated promptly and correctly. All the clinical symptoms associated with malaria are caused by the asexual erythrocytic or blood stage parasites.

What diseases are similar to malaria?

In particular, babesiosis — a disease that mimics malaria — is catching up with Lyme disease in some communities.